Исследование направлено на изучение роли и значения источнико- ориентированных информационных систем в современной информационной среде исторической науки. Оно нацелено на характеристику источника- ориентированных информационных систем как нового типа исторического источника и мета источника; изучение возможностей применения новых методов и технологий, научно-исследовательскую практику сохранения, организации, визуализации и анализа исторических источников; получение новых исторических знаний по актуальным вопросам политической и социальной истории России. Изучены российские и зарубежные исследования по теоретическим и Подпись руководителя проекта прикладным проблемам создания и использования источнико- ориентированных информационных систем, а также сами системы. Изучена проблема соотношения между традиционными первоисточниками и ИОИС как нового типа источников. Подходы, методы, приемы моделирования систем и создания анализируются для систем, посвященных позднеимперской российской парламентской истории, истории земской самоуправления, истории Первой мировой войны и др. Информационные модели, методы перевода в машиночитаемый формат, сохранение и организация источников информации, методов и средств поиска информации и аналитической обработки разрабатываются. Возможности и способы применения этих систем для исторических исследований рассматриваются. Роль и значение этих систем для сохранения, организации и визуализации исторических источников, расширения доступа исследователей к ним для источника, просопографии, сравнительный и других видов исследований анализируются. Основные выводы и интерпретация. Исследование подтвердило, что истчонико-ориентирвоанные системы - один из наиболее эффективных средств сохранения исторических источников и их введения в исторические и междисциплинарные исследования .Роль и значение ИОИС как основы для эффективного применения и обогащения исторических и междисциплинарных методов исследования и приращения исторических знаний подтверждены. Информационный потенциал ИОИС зависит от уровня сохранения первичного содержан

De Re Militari, begun in 1992, is the Society for the Study of Medieval Military History. Here we host many primary sources, articles, dissertations, and resources for the study of military actions, technology, and topics from the fall of Rome to early seventeenth century.  We also have an active online Book Reviews section.We are the principle online source for scholarly information about warfare in the Middle Ages.

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The purpose of these brief introductory remarks is to tell you, first, what kind of information you can find on this website and, second, howyou can retrieve this information. The core of the whole site is a scholarly database. This database contains all kinds of information about the illuminated medieval manuscripts of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek and the Museum Meermanno-Westreenianum. You can get access to this 'electronic catalogue' in various ways. When choosing your way, your own expertise and wishes should guide you.


If you do not routinely consult databases and your interest in medieval illumination is not a professional one, you may start with our guided tour. This will help you to get acquainted with the collection in general, and with the subject matter of the illuminations in particular. The tour contains many links to the database, so you can compose many of your own 'virtual' galleries of pictures while you read the texts.

Browse by subject in English, German or French

An important feature of the catalogue is the richness of subject information. To give systematic access to the subject matter of the circa 10,000 miniatures, historiated initials and border decorations we have applied the Iconclass system . A special version of this system is included on this site. This allows you to browse through all the terms that were used for subject indexing in a systematic way. To find your way through the applicable index terms, a keyword search option is provided. Should you prefer German or French to English when consulting the subject index, you can easily switch languages by clicking the appropriate flag.

Search the database

Choosing this option will take you straight to the database's search form. You can compose your query by filling in the form. To assist you with that, you may consult the indices. These will provide you with the terms that are valid for the various fields. If you are familiar with medieval books and have some experience with the use of an electronic catalogue, you should be able to work with this interface without too many problems

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An introduction to the history of medieval writing, including the origins of our written culture, paleography and the history of scripts, and the nature of literacy and the written word in the middle ages. Manuscript books and documents, and the very process of writing itself, are part of the cultural heritage of the western world. And paleography is not a scarey word, however you spell it.

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Few great books like the Decameron have shaped our very notion of storytelling and its crucial role in the negotiation and production of shared social and cultural values. In its hundred stories, shared in ten days by ten young people escaping the Plague in mid-14th-century Florence, it combines sheer entertainment with a meaningful humanistic message. A tribute to human ingenuity, an epic masterpiece of a rising, dynamic mercantile society that pursues pleasure while being threatened by sudden extinction, the Decameron can be read as a transgressive and escapist manual of behavior as well as a breviary of moral predicaments intended for a secular, unprejudiced reader. As one critic (Guido Almansi) put it: "The text can perhaps give the impression of being outrageously amoral; our reading, on the other hand, can turn into ethical meditation; the former does not exclude the other." In his Western Canon Harold Bloom thus recently acknowledges the crucial position of Boccaccio's Decameron : "Ironic storytelling whose subject is storytelling is pretty much Boccaccio's invention, and the purpose of this breakthrough was to free stories from didacticism and moralism, so that the listener or reader, not the storyteller, became responsible for their use, for good or for ill." The Decameron has elicited throughout the centuries fundamental discussions on the nature of narrative art, on the tenets of medieval versus modern morality, on the social and educational value of any form of artistic and literary expression. A true encyclopedia of early modern life and asumma of late medieval culture, the Decameron is also a universal repertory of perennially human situations and dilemmas: it is the perfect subject for an experiment in a new form of scholarly and pedagogical communication aimed at renewing a living dialogue between a distant past and our present.

The guiding question of our project is how contemporary informational technology can facilitate, enhance and innovate the complex cognitive and learning activities involved in reading a late medieval literary text like Boccaccio's Decameron. We fundamentally believe that the new electronic environment and its tools enable us to revive the humanistic spirit of communal and collaboratively "playful" learning of which the Decameron itself is the utmost expression. Through a creative use of technology, our project provides the reader with an easily accessible and flexible yet well-structured wealth of information on the literary, historical and cultural context of theDecameron, thus allowing a vivid yet rigorously philological understanding of the past in which the work was conceived. At the same time, our project is meant to facilitate the creative expression of a multiplicity of perspectives which animate our contemporary readings. By reconciling in a collaborative fashion the reader's freedom with a sound cognition of serious, scholarly achievements in the study of the Decameron, our project is also an example of how new technologies can provide an innovative pedagogical medium for a fulfilling educational experience based on a literary text that is open to a variety of cultural interests and levels of learning.

Intended primary beneficiaries of the project are college and high school teachers and students, but independent readers and scholars interested in the Decameron itself or aspects of it that are related to their specific areas of interest will benefit from it, regardless of their geographic location or institutional affiliation. Our group and classroom at Brown University will serve as the gateway to a virtual community of readers and students of theDecameron who are engaged in a variety of didactic and scholarly pursuits and as a forum for discussions of their methodologies and critical perspectives. In short, we believe that our project can provide its beneficiaries with a sort of specialized bookshelf or mini-library generated from and existing alongside a reading of Boccaccio's masterpiece. This mini-library or virtual encyclopedia includes the text in its established critical edition (Branca), sources, translations, annotations and commentaries, bibliographies, a growing selection of critical and interpretive essays, as well as visual and audio materials. These resources are all hypertextually linked and complemented by a variety of analytical tools and search engines meant to make your exploration of the site easy and rewarding. Most importantly, we conceive of this corpus and its basic structure as a point of departure for a wide range of collaborative activities which will enhance the project's future growth according to the interests and contributions of the virtual community of students, teachers, scholars and readers of the Decameron. To this end, we warmly encourage all of our users to make full use of these materials and to participate actively in the site's expansion. Please feel free to send us your comments, ideas and, if you like, even contributions to be added to what is already here.

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The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook is a companion to the Internet Medieval Sourcebook and the Internet Modern History Sourcebook. The Medieval Sourcebook is both a classroom resource and the largest collection of online medieval texts. The Ancient and Modern Sourcebooks have a different role: since there are already ample online repositories of texts for these periods, the goal here is to provide and organize texts for use in classroom situations. Links to the larger online collections are provided for those who want to explore further. The distinctive feature of the Sourcebooks' layout remains here - the avoidance of images and multiple "clicking" to find texts. Unlike the Medieval and Modern History Sourcebooks, this section of the project did not involve much scanning of new material to begin with. At this stage, however, an increasing number of new etexts are available at this site. The Ancient History Sourcebook also includes links to visual and aural material, since art and archeology are far more important for the periods in question than for later history. The emphasis remains on access to primary source texts for educational purposes.

This site focuses on online texts, which, for the most part, means public domain texts translated more than 75 years ago. In many cases it is these older translations which are used in commercially available sourcebooks. But note that, for classroom use,  in some cases the more modern translations are superior from a pedagogic viewpoint: this is less the case with historiography than with literature. In other words, use online resources well, but don't get carried away!

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On the is website you will find:-

  • A basic description of hieroglyphic writing.
  • With the Hieroglyphic Typewriter you can write your name in the ancient script and send secret messages to your friends.
  • You will also learn about Egyptian numerals.
  • And test your knowledge with some mathematical problems set out using the ancient numbers.
  • There are stories of the great kings & queens.
  • The ancient Egyptian Gods
  • Mummification is covered with videos.
  • In the pyramid & temple section you can explore the ancient monuments; using interactive maps, photos, drawings, and paintings.
  • Also check out 3D Temples and see how these shrines, to the gods, may have appeared to ancient eye.

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The Avalon Project will mount digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. We do not intend to mount only static text but rather to add value to the text by linking to supporting documents expressly referred to in the body of the text.

The Avalon Project will no doubt contain controversial documents. Their inclusion does not indicate endorsement of their contents nor sympathy with the ideology, doctrines, or means employed by their authors. They are included for the sake of completeness and balance and because in many cases they are by our definition a supporting document.

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